Spring Boot

示例演示了如何使用 Spring Boot 方式快速开发 Dubbo 应用。

Dubbo 还提供了包括XMLAPI等多种启动与接入方式,更多开发方式和配置细节可参见配置手册

示例核心流程

关于示例的更详细解读可参见 注解配置

1. 定义服务接口

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-interface

DemoService.java

package org.apache.dubbo.samples.basic.api;

public interface DemoService {
    String sayHello(String name);
}

2. 提供方实现接口并暴露服务

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider

DemoServiceImpl.java

@DubboService
public class DemoServiceImpl implements DemoService {
    @Override
    public String sayHello(String name) {
        System.out.println("Hello " + name + ", request from consumer: " + RpcContext.getContext().getRemoteAddress());
        return "Hello " + name;
    }
}

3. 配置 application.yml 文件

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider

application.yml

dubbo:
  application:
    name: dubbo-springboot-demo-provider
  protocol:
    name: dubbo
    port: -1
  registry:
    id: zk-registry
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181
  config-center:
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181
  metadata-report:
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181

4. 定义 Spring Boot 主函数

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider

ProviderApplication.java

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableDubbo
public class ProviderApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        new EmbeddedZooKeeper(2181, false).start();

        SpringApplication.run(ProviderApplication.class, args);
        System.out.println("dubbo service started");
        new CountDownLatch(1).await();
    }
}

其中,@EnableDubbo 必须配置。

5. 引用远程服务

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer

ConsumerApplication.java

public class ConsumerApplication {
    @DubboReference
    private DemoService demoService;
}

6. 定义 application.yml

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer

application.yml

dubbo:
  application:
    name: dubbo-springboot-demo-consumer
  protocol:
    name: dubbo
    port: -1
  registry:
    id: zk-registry
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181
  config-center:
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181
  metadata-report:
    address: zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181

7. 加载 Spring 配置,并调用远程服务

dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer

ConsumerApplication.java

@SpringBootApplication
@Service
@EnableDubbo
public class ConsumerApplication {
    @DubboReference
    private DemoService demoService;
    
    public String doSayHello(String name) {
        return demoService.sayHello(name);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ConfigurableApplicationContext context = SpringApplication.run(ConsumerApplication.class, args);
        ConsumerApplication application = context.getBean(ConsumerApplication.class);
        String result = application.doSayHello("world");
        System.out.println("result: " + result);
    }
}

其中,@EnableDubbo 必须配置。

下载示例代码

完整示例代码在 dubbo-samples 中。

  1. 下载源码
git clone -b master https://github.com/apache/dubbo-samples.git
  1. 进入示例目录
cd dubbo-samples/1-basic/dubbo-samples-spring-boot
  1. 在 dubbo-samples-spring-boot 目录执行 maven 命令
mvn clean package

快速运行示例

Provider

进入 dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider/target 目录并启动 java 进程

cd ./dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider
java -jar ./target/dubbo-samples-spring-boot-provider-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

consumer

进入 dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer/target 目录并启动 java 进程

cd ./dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer
java -jar ./target/dubbo-samples-spring-boot-consumer-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

查看结果

在 consumer 侧会输出如下信息:

result: Hello World

在 provider 侧会输出如下信息:

Hello World, request from consumer: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx

至此就把 Dubbo 的基本功能都实现了,可以在 Dubbo 的基础上进行更多的开发。


最后修改 February 1, 2023: Add API (#2029) (97041896c)