The server makes a callback to the client

Call client-side logic from server-side via parameter callback

Feature description

The parameter callback method is the same as calling a local callback or listener, you only need to declare which parameter is the callback type in the Spring configuration file. Dubbo will generate a reverse proxy based on the persistent connection, so that the client logic can be invoked from the server. You can refer to sample code in the dubbo project.

scenes to be used

The callback function notifies the client of the execution result, or sends a notification. When the method execution time is relatively long, it is similar to an asynchronous call, and the client approval result is called back in the approval workflow.

How to use

Service interface example

package com. callback;
public interface CallbackService {
    void addListener(String key, CallbackListener listener);

package com. callback;
public interface CallbackListener {
    void changed(String msg);

Service provider interface implementation example

package com.callback.impl;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import com.callback.CallbackListener;
import com.callback.CallbackService;
public class CallbackServiceImpl implements CallbackService {
    private final Map<String, CallbackListener> listeners = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, CallbackListener>();
    public CallbackServiceImpl() {
        Thread t = new Thread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                while(true) {
                    try {
                        for(Map.Entry<String, CallbackListener> entry : listeners.entrySet()){
                           try {
                           } catch (Throwable t) {
                               listeners. remove(entry. getKey());
                        Thread.sleep(5000); // Timely trigger change notification
                    } catch (Throwable t) { // defensive fault tolerance
                        t. printStackTrace();
        t. setDaemon(true);
        t. start();
    public void addListener(String key, CallbackListener listener) {
        listeners. put(key, listener);
        listener.changed(getChanged(key)); // send change notification
    private String getChanged(String key) {
        return "Changed: " + new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date());

Service provider configuration example

<bean id="callbackService" class="com.callback.impl.CallbackServiceImpl" />
<dubbo:service interface="com.callback.CallbackService" ref="callbackService" connections="1" callbacks="1000">
    <dubbo:method name="addListener">
        <dubbo:argument index="1" callback="true" />
        <!--You can also specify the type -->
        <!--<dubbo:argument type="com.demo.CallbackListener" callback="true" />-->

Service consumer configuration example

<dubbo:reference id="callbackService" interface="com.callback.CallbackService" />

Service consumer call example

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("classpath:consumer.xml");
context. start();
CallbackService callbackService = (CallbackService) context. getBean("callbackService");
callbackService.addListener("", new CallbackListener(){
    public void changed(String msg) {
        System.out.println("callback1:" + msg);

Last modified January 2, 2023: Enhance en docs (#1798) (95a9f4f6c1c)