XML Configuration

Configure Dubbo with XML

About the XML configuration items, see:XML References. If you prefer use API directly instead of using Spring, see API Configuration. Want an example of how to use configuration, see Quick Start.

provider.xml demo

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd">  
    <dubbo:application name="hello-world-app"  />  
    <dubbo:registry address="multicast://" />  
    <dubbo:protocol name="dubbo" port="20880" />  
    <dubbo:service interface="org.apache.dubbo.demo.DemoService" ref="demoServiceLocal" />  
    <dubbo:reference id="demoServiceRemote" interface="org.apache.dubbo.demo.DemoService" />  

All tags support custom parameters, so we can meet the special config requirements at different extension points, such as:

<dubbo:protocol name="jms">
    <dubbo:parameter key="queue" value="your_queue" />


<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd">  
    <dubbo:protocol name="jms" p:queue="your_queue" />  

The relations between configuration tags


<dubbo:service/>Service ExportUsed to export service, define service metadata, export service with multiple protocols, register service to multiple registries
<dubbo:reference/>Service ReferenceUsed to create a remote proxy, subscribe to multiple registries
<dubbo:protocol/>Protocol ConfigConfigure the protocol for services on provider side, the consumer side follows.
<dubbo:application/>Application ConfigApplies to both provider and consumer.
<dubbo:module/>Module ConfigOptional.
<dubbo:registry/>Registry CenterRegistry info: address, protocol, etc.
<dubbo:monitor/>Monitor CenterMonitor info: address, address, etc. Optional.
<dubbo:provider/>Default Config for ProvidersDefault Config for ServiceConfigs. Optional.
<dubbo:consumer/>Default Config for ConsumersDefault Config for ReferenceConfigs. Optional.
<dubbo:method/>Method level ConfigMethod level Config for ServiceConfig and ReferenceConfig.
<dubbo:argument/>Argument ConfigUsed to specify the method parameter configuration.

Overrides and Priorities

Take timeout as an example, here is the priorities, from high to low (retries, loadbalance, actives also applies the same rule):

  • method level,interface level,default/global level。
  • at the same level, consumer has higher priority than provider

Configurations on the provider side are passed to the consumer side through registry in the form of URL.


It is recommended that the provider set a timeout for every service, because the provider knows exactly how long a method needs to be executed. If a consumer cites multiple services at the same time, it doesn’t need to care about the timeout settings of each service.

Theoretically, almost all configuration items supported in ReferenceConfig can be configured with a default value using ConsumerConfig, ServiceConfig, ProviderConfig.

  1. Requires spring 3.2.16+, see announcement for details:xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
  2. The reference bean obeys lazy init by default, only if it is refered by other beans or other instance try to get its instance using getBean() method will the reference be initialized. If you need eager init, config this way: <dubbo:reference ... init="true" />