Filter Extension


Extension for intercepting the invocation for both service provider and consumer, furthermore, most of functions in dubbo are implemented base on the same mechanism. Since every time when remote method is invoked, the filter extensions will be executed too, the corresponding penalty should be considered before more filters are added.


  • User defined filters are executed after built-in filters by default.
  • Special value default is introduced to represent the default extension location. For example: for filter="xxx,default,yyy", xxx is before default filter, and yyy is after the default filter.
  • Special value - means delete. For example: filter="-foo1" excludes foo1 extension. For example, filter="-default" exclues all default filters.
  • When provider and service have filter configured at the same moment, all filters are accumulated together instead of override, for example: for <dubbo:provider filter="xxx,yyy"/> and <dubbo:service filter="aaa,bbb" />xxx, yyy, aaa, bbb are all count as filters. In order to change to override, use: <dubbo:service filter="-xxx,-yyy,aaa,bbb" />

Extension Interface


Extension Configuration

<!-- filter for consumer -->
<dubbo:reference filter="xxx,yyy" />
<!-- default filter configuration for the consumer, will intercept for all references -->
<dubbo:consumer filter="xxx,yyy"/>
<!-- filter for provider -->
<dubbo:service filter="xxx,yyy" />
<!-- default filter configuration for the provider, will intercept for all services -->
<dubbo:provider filter="xxx,yyy"/>

Existing Extension

  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.EchoFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.GenericFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.GenericImplFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.TokenFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.AccessLogFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.CountFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ActiveLimitFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ClassLoaderFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ContextFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ConsumerContextFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ExceptionFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ExecuteLimitFilter
  • org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.DeprecatedFilter

Extension Guide

Directory layout:

                | (Filter implementation)
                |-org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Filter (plain text file with the content:

import org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Filter;
import org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Invoker;
import org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Invocation;
import org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Result;
import org.apache.dubbo.rpc.RpcException;
public class XxxFilter implements Filter {
    public Result invoke(Invoker<?> invoker, Invocation invocation) throws RpcException {
        // before filter ...
        Result result = invoker.invoke(invocation);
        // after filter ...
        return result;


Last modified December 22, 2020: clean up website (6e41905afab)